The National Medical Products Administration issued the Chinese Cosmetic Good Manufacturing Practice will come into effect on July 1. The registrants, filing applicants, and entrusted manufacturers shall arrange for the production of cosmetics according to the practice.
As of July 1, 2022, (the time in the whole article refers to the China Standard Time), the Chinese Cosmetic Good Manufacturing Practice (hereinafter referred to as the “Practice”) will be put into effect. According to CHAILEEDO, the practice makes detailed requirements for the whole-process purchase, production, inspection, storage, sale and recall of materials to ensure that cosmetic enterprises can produce cosmetic products in line with the quality and safety requirements and the anticipated effectiveness in a sustained and steady manner.
The practice not only requires cosmetic enterprises to independently set up quality management departments and establish a responsibility system for the quality and safety of cosmetics but also further defines the responsibilities of legal representatives (or principals), the head of quality and safety, the head of quality management departments, production departments and other positions related to the quality and safety of the cosmetic product.
With the introduction of more than 10 regulations in a row such as the Regulations on the Supervision and Administration of Cosmetic Good, the Chinese Cosmetic Good Manufacturing Practice, the whole industry in China has witnessed profound changes in relevant regulations and policies, non-compliance problems have also emerged, and the number of cosmetic enterprises getting punished has increased accordingly.
According to the Statistical Report of The Supervision and Administration of Medical Products for the first three quarters of 2021, as of the end of September 2021, there were 5,728 cosmetics manufacturers in China, with Guangdong province boasting the largest number of 3,155. Taking “cosmetics”, “beauty” and other keywords, CHAILEEDO gathered information about punishment in the Guangzhou Administration for the Market Regulation website, from January to May this year, it issued more than 100 times of cosmetics-related fines that involves hundreds of enterprises being largely production enterprises.
In terms of the reasons for punishment, the aforesaid factories and enterprises are punished mainly for the use of prohibited raw materials, unregistered/unfiled products, unlicensed production, the production failing the recording/registered formula, etc.
For example, the “3CE EUNHYE HOUSE Dynamic Dreams Mono Eyeshadow” filed by Guangzhou Yanse Cosmetics Co., Ltd. is divided into 15 color numbers in the actual production process with illegal acts including non-compliant filed ingredients and the amount of acrylamide, suspicion of non-compliant manufacturing of cosmetics according to the technical requirements specified in the cosmetic registration or archival materials. The total penalty reaches USD 92.2 thousand; Guangzhou Ruiying Cosmetic Co., Ltd. was fined USD 13.1 thousand for its product “BBHEALTH Baby Prickly Heat Powder” due to elevated lead content, and fabricated license number and infringement of factory name and site.
Behind the rapid development of the Chinese cosmetics market, some longstanding problems such as the inadequate system for product quality management and inferior level of product quality control. The strict requirements of the practice will also cause a number of unqualified cosmetic manufacturers to go under, but the aim of the regulation is not to shut them down, but to reshape the landscape of China’s cosmetic industry.
Insiders within the industry gave analysis that problems may arise across China’s cosmetic industry in the short term, like the degree holders, professionals and senior talents getting poached by strong brands, or substantial jobs needed to be filled in small and medium-sized brands, which will threaten to shut down the company if not filled. Also, factories might face a great loss in talent and the SMEs the inevitable downsizing.
But from an industry-wide perspective, the practice has pushed the whole industry a step closer towards specialization, despite some problems during the enforcement process, but it will definitely do the industry well over the long haul in that cosmetics manufacturers will attach greater importance to product quality and safety for consumer’s sake